Ingrid Washinawatok el-Issa
Born in 1957 into the Menominee Nation in Wisconsin, Ingrid Washinawatok el-Issa, O’Peqtaw-Metamoh (Flying Eagle Woman), worked with many organizations to promote indigenous people’s cultures and rights. As executive director of the Fund for Four Directions in New York City, she worked in particular to revitalize indigenous languages. Washinawatok was one of three Americans kidnapped and executed in the remote highlands of Colombia by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) rebels, while on a mission to help the U’wa tribe set up a school system in February 1999. She is survived by her husband, Ali el-Issa, and her son, Maeh-kiw-kasic.