Mairead Corrigan Maguire
On August 10, 1976, a car chase between IRA and British troops through Belfast, Northern Ireland, led to an accident in which two of Mairead Corrigan Maguire’s nephews and one of her nieces were killed. Her sister, distraught over the death of her children, took her own life several years later. The incident led Maguire, a Catholic, and Betty Williams, a Protestant, along with newspaper reporter Ciaran McKeown, to found Peace People, a pioneering organization in the movement to end sectarian violence in Northern Ireland. They shared the 1976 Nobel Peace Prize for their work. Maguire continues to work for global nonviolence as honorary life president of Peace People.